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Glossary Internet, technical terms

Directory of terms and acronyms used in this site with their definitions.

internet glossary

  Back-link back-linking and

Definition: A back-link is an incoming link coming from an external site or a site. The back-linking is a link exchange between two sites.
Description: The number of back-links a page can be roughly determined using the command link: Google. The number of back-links is one of the criteria used by Google. Sometimes written as an abbreviation of BL back-link.


Definition: A set of documents that sets out the rules of layout and defines the graphical appearance of documents (internal and external) of a company.
Description: The graphic is applied to define:
  • The logo (color, position on the page, supports, and variations allowed)
  • The fonts used
  • Color sets definable on various communication media
  • The use of graphic elements (watermarks, logo enlarged detail, curves and features specific to the company)
  • The principles of choice of images and illustrations.

CSS - Cascading Style Sheets

Definition: Cascading Style Sheets
Description: Advanced HTML 4.0 standard, which allows a better management of formatting documents HTML by defining classes formats.

HTML - Hyper Text Markup Language

Definition: A markup language for publishing web pages on the Internet.
Description: The basics of HTML were developed during the period 1989-1992 in order to be able to write hypertext documents linking various Internet resources. The first document with the extension "HTML" to be published to the attention of the public was in August 1991 by Tim Burners-Lee , when he announced the birth of the World Wide Web.
This first version fairly informal standard HTML 4.01 W3C , the language has undergone many changes and different versions. There will be more new version of HTML in the future, this language is about to be replaced by XHTML which is one of the major concepts of the separation of content and style (layout).

HTML5 - Hyper Text Markup Language 5

Definition: A markup language for publishing web pages on the Internet.
Description: Next major revision of HTML (data format designed to represent the web pages). This version is in development in 2012.
HTML5 includes the majority of elements HTML4. However HTML5 also defines new elements that facilitate the development of modern web applications.

HTTP - Hyper Text Transfer Protocol

Definition: Hyper Text Transfer Protocol.
Description: Computer Protocol used to transfer hypertext documents between a web server and a web browser.

Markup Language - Markup language

Definition: Language for defining and structuring the information in a document.
Description: Markup languages ​​are also called description languages ​​because they are intended to describe the structure of the documents described.
We speak, for example, page description language when it comes to describing the structure of a page of a website (title, paragraphs, line breaks, bolded or italicized, etc.).. The page description language best known is probably the HTML , which is about to be replaced by XHTML .


Definition: The ranking of a website is a notion sometimes overused and often misunderstood. There are certainly many definitions of this term there are SEOs on the planet Web. But it is estimated that two definitions occur most often:
  • Definition 1: Referencing characterizes the enrollment phase of a website in the database search tools (directories and engines). This phase will therefore submitting a site until its actual presence in the databases, indexes and tools. This definition does not take into account the aspect of "positioning."
  • Definition 2: Referencing refers to any phase of the relationship between a website and a search tool: audit, keyword research, submission, verification, registration, positioning monitoring.
This definition is broader than the previous one. Both definitions are used routinely, so you need to know what we are talking about when you use the term "SEO".

Tim Berners-Lee

Definition: Inventor of the World Wide Web and director of the W3C .
Biography: Born in London on 8 June 1955, he completed graduate studies at Queen's College, Oxford from 1973 to 1976.
In 1980, as part of a consultancy mission on behalf of CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) in Geneva, it offers project management information which contains the beginnings of hypertext.
In 1989 he proposed the hypertext project again at CERN. He designs in 1990 the first server HTTP and the first web browser called it "World Wide Web" after hesitating with "Mesh Information" and "Information Mine".
In 1994, he founded the W3C and the director.

WAI - Web Accessibility Initiative

Accessibility Initiative's Web
Definition: Refers to one of four areas of the W3C and the affiliate consortium whose mission is to promote accessibility for websites.
Description: The creation of the WAI dates back to 1996 and now has over 500 members (companies, industry organizations, disability organizations, research organizations and government).
Its main aim is to offer solutions to make the Internet accessible to people with disabilities.
Web accessibility has implications in fields as diverse as diverse organization WAI works at five levels:
  • ensure that technologies are compatible with web accessibility;
  • develop recommendations for accessibility;
  • better tools to assess and repair web accessibility;
  • create information materials for the world of education and social workers;
  • coordinate research and development.

Webmaster - Webmaster

Definition: Technical and editorial sometimes a website whose primary responsibility is the maintenance of a website. Person may also be responsible for updating or even the creation of Web documents issued by the organization to which it is attached.

W3C - World Wide Web Consortium

Definition: International Consortium whose goal is to promote the scalability of the Web and ensure its interoperability.
Description: The W3C was founded in October 1994 by Tim Berners-Lee (inventor of the World Wide Web) and now has over 450 members (companies, organizations from industry, research organizations and government). These members must adhere to the mission and respect the neutrality of the consortium.
W3C activities are organized into four areas:
  • Architecture: the development of the technologies required by the Web;
  • Interaction terms of improving the interaction between the Web and its users;
  • Technology and Society: the development of Web infrastructure to respond to the social, legal and public policy;
  • Accessibility Initiative of the Web: the development of solutions to make the Web accessible, primarily for disabled people.
W3C's role is:
  • propose a vision as accurately as possible the future of the Web to allow the development of technical solutions to the issues it raises;
  • develop technologies in line with the realization of this vision, taking into account both existing technologies as those to come;
  • to participate in the effort to standardize Web technologies by creating specifications (called "Recommendations") freely available to all.
Nearly ten years after the creation of the W3C, more than 80 recommendations are available. With these additions will add many guidelines and educational materials.
If this mission standardization of Web technologies is quite widely known, it should not overshadow other issues that the W3C tries to answer: protection of privacy, accessibility for the disabled, innovation management patents or even social implications of " Semantic Web ".

Semantic Web

Definition: The semantic web is the use of each tag wisely. The principle of markup HTML is that each tag has a meaning. Give a document that is appropriate tags this document and properly structure allow programs (browsers, motors, braille) to interpret the document so clean.
This is the principle of semantic <p> tag is used to structure paragraphs, the <div> for large areas of the document, <h1> ... <h6> for levels of securities, <ul> tag for lists and menus, etc..

XHTML - eXtensible HyperText Markup Language

Definition: Extensible HyperText Markup Language.
Description: Language standardized by the W3C for publishing web pages on the Internet. XHTML offers the same possibilities as HTML while being compliant XML . HTML documents should gradually be replaced by their equivalent in XHTML, the structure must be rigorous to facilitate access to machines other than computers, such as mobile phones for example.

XML - eXtensible Markup Language

Definition: Acronym for "eXtensible Markup Language" - extensible markup language.
Description: Standard set by the W3C , which allows you to create data structuring languages ​​specialized and personalized. XML is and what is called a "meta language", but also a file format.
The XML-based languages ​​allow you to manipulate, process and communicate all kinds of data and texts. Examples of such languages ​​include XHTML .


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